THE STORY OF THE DISCOVERY OF THE TRUE NATURE OF REALITY.
A MAJOR PARDDIGM SHIFT
© 2018, Edward R. Close
The history of this story goes back at least 5000 years, with concepts originating in the East, Middle East, Arabia, and Northern Africa, inspiring Diophantus of Alexandria around 250 BC, Pierre de Fermat around 1640 AD, and Max Planck and Albert Einstein from 1900 to 1935, to look at the nature of reality in terms of multi-dimensional models. Modern mainstream science has had no major paradigm shift with regard to expanding the dimensional domain of science since quantum physics and general relativity were proved valid around 1935. Advances have happened, but they were within the scientific paradigm known as the Standard Model (SM). The new shift is from the SM based on materialism to a paradigm in which consciousness is primary, revealing the true nature of reality. It is difficult to do justice to the importance of the discovery of the true nature of reality in a short essay, but I must try. I have neither the time nor the patience to wait for the media and mainstream science to catch up.
I introduced the concept of the non-quantum receptor in a poster presentation at Tucson II (the second Toward a Science of Consciousness Convention) at the University of Arizona in 1996, and published it with an introduction to the calculus of distinctions in my third book, Transcendental Physics in 1997, re-released in 2000. Discussing these ideas in the Science Within Consciousness Journal and the Karl Jaspers Forum online, in 2000 to 2005, someone asked: “Putting forth such revolutionary ideas on line, aren’t you afraid someone will steal your ideas?” Someone else responded: “If you are introducing truly new science, no one in mainstream science will understand it even if you push it down their throats!”
The person making the second comment was right. The history of western science shows us that a truth outside the boundaries of the established paradigm, however valid, is initially almost universally ignored, and condemned as un-scientific nonsense. That was the case for paradigm breakers like Copernicus, Planck and Einstein, and it is now the case for ideas introduced by Close and Neppe. As Max Planck said:
“A scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it”.
The purpose of this post is not to convince the believers in the current materialistic paradigm, it is simply to present a scientific truth as simply as possible and hope that the new generation of scientists will be open to going beyond the box of the current mainstream paradigm.
AN UNAMBIGUOUS DESCRIPTION OF OUR UNIVERSE AND THE COSMOS
(A Comprehensive Description of Everything)
Behind it all is surely an idea so simple, so beautiful, that when we grasp it
- in a decade, a century, or a millennium - we will all say to each other,
how could it have been otherwise? How could we have been so stupid?
how could it have been otherwise? How could we have been so stupid?
– John A. Wheeler, theoretical physicist
We know now that the physical universe available to our five senses and their physical extensions is only a very small part of reality. If we call all of reality the cosmos, then the physical universe we perceive through our senses is to the cosmos as a single sentence is to a 1000-page book, or as one novel is to all the books in all the libraries in the world. It is virtually a single unfolding thought in the infinite mind of God.
The Triadic Dimensional Vortical Paradigm (TDVP) is a major shift in the basis of scientific thought from a narrow materialistic view of reality limited to consideration of the physical universe, to a comprehensive description of everything. But, it is not a theory of everything (TOE). To clarify this, and present an unambiguous description of everything (DOE), it is necessary to define some basic terms.
There are some basic terms that most people interested in science, and even many professional scientists, often use ambiguously, so they need to be defined accurately and carefully for the purposes of this discussion. The definitions given below will clarify what the words mean in the new description of reality presented here. It makes no difference whether or not these definitions agree with dictionary definitions or with your personal understanding of what the terms mean. The definitions given below specify their meanings in the discussion that follows. Please refer to them any time the discussion seems unclear.
SCIENCE: The formal, organized effort to understand the nature of the reality we experience.
THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD: The practice of the process of proposing reasonable hypotheses, also called theories, and testing them against the experience of direct knowledge through observation and measurement. If a hypothesis is validated by experience, it is accepted, if not, then it should be discarded.
SCIENTIST: A person who engages in the practice of science.
TDVP: The Triadic Dimensional Vortical Paradigm.
TRIADIC: Consisting of three components, or a multiple of three components.
VORTICAL: An adjective describing a vortex spinning in three or more dimensions.
DIMENSIONAL: An adjective describing domains of extension.
PARADIGM: A comprehensive understanding of reality based on empirical data and mathematical proof.
DIMENSION: A measure of extent, like length, width or height. This term is often used incorrectly to mean a dimensional domain.
DIMENSIONAL DOMAIN: A specific well-defined extent of space-time and consciousness. For example, a line, extending infinitely is a one-dimensional domain; a plane, extending indefinitely in two mutually orthogonal directions is a two-dimensional domain; a volume extending indefinitely in three mutually orthogonal directions is a three-dimensional domain; and, in general, a volume extending indefinitely in n mutually orthogonal directions is an n-dimensional domain.
EXTENT: The measure of the variable distance, area or volume, of a dimensional domain.
CONTENT: That which occupies a dimensional Domain of three or more dimensions. Note that dimensional domains of less than three dimensions have no capacity for content.
ORTHOGONAL DIMENSIONS: Dimensions separated by an angle of rotation of 90 degrees, given that one complete rotation is 360 degrees.
VORTICAL SPIN: The rotation of a vortex.
INTRINSIC SPIN: The increase in vortical spin caused by simultaneous rotations around more than one axis, i.e., in more than one plane.
FIELD: A field is a dimensional domain of finite extent in three or more dimensions, with a well-defined distribution of mass-energy-consciousness content, for example, the gravitational field of a planet, the energy field of a magnet, or the extent of an individual’s consciousness.
MASS: The resistance to motion due to vortical spin.
ENERGY: Any force capable of creating, sustaining and altering a vortex, or distorting the distribution of a field.
UNIVERSE: A finite domain of three or more dimensions along with all its contents.
COSMOS: The infinite sum of all possible universes, past, present and future.
PRIMARY CONSCIOUSNESS: The Infinite Reality within which all things are embedded. The Source of all of the logical patterns of reality.
INDIVIDUALIZED CONSCIOUSNESS: Finite manifestations of specific limited fields and image content originating in Primary Consciousness.
THEORY: A hypothesis to be proved or disproved.
THEOREM: A hypothesis that has been expressed mathematically and confirmed by mathematical logic based on known axioms expressing direct experiences of reality.
CALCULATION: The process of transforming the form of a given representation of a known feature of reality to a different, equivalent form.
CALCULUS: A system of logical operations that transform the form of a given description of a known feature of reality to a different equivalent form. For example, the fundamental operations of arithmetic transform expressions of numerical values as in: 1+1=2, and (3 x 4)+1=13. Other examples include algebraic transformations such as: (x + y)(x – y) = x2 – y2, and differential and integral calculations like: d/dx(xn) = nxn-1, ∫nxn-1 = xn + C, etc.
DISTINCTION: Any form that can be distinguished from the rest of reality in some way.
THE CALCULUS OF DISTINCTIONS: The logical system of calculations that changes the form of a distinction or combinations of distinctions into different, but equivalent forms.
THE CALCULUS OF DIMENSIONAL DISTINCTIONS (CoDD): The logical system of calculations that transform the form of a dimensional distinction occupying a volumetric domain or combinations of volumetric distinctions into different, but equivalent forms.
DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS: In a series of calculations involving mathematical expressions describing a stable physical relationship (most often expressions of one or more of the known laws of physics) in terms of distinctions measurable in units of mass/energy, space and time, the number and symmetry of the basic units of the final expression must match exactly the number and symmetry of the units of the initial expression prior to the series of mathematical transformations. Otherwise, there is an error either in physical conceptualization or mathematical logic. This a very useful analysis usually taught to first-year university physics students.
VOLUME: The extent of a dimensional domain of three or more orthogonal dimensions.
THE TRIADIC ROTATIONAL UNIT OF EQUIVALENCE (TRUE): The basic quantum equivalence unit of the CoDD, derived from the mas/energy equivalence of the electron.
QUANTUM: The smallest possible measurable unit of reality.
THE QUANTUM EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE: All observable and measurable objects in the universe consist of integral multiples of the quantum equivalence unit (TRUE).
DIMENSIONAL EXTRAPOLATION: The projection from an n-dimensional domain into an (n+1)-dimensional domain. The process of dimensional extrapolation from an n-dimensional domain where the numerical types of the dimensions are known, results in the definition of the mathematical nature of the (n+1)th dimension. For example, extrapolation from a 3-dimensional domain into a 4-dimensional domain reveals that the 4th dimension is measurable in the primary type of complex numbers, i.e., integer multiples of the so-called imaginary unit, the square-root of negative one (√-1).
THE DIMENSIONAL INVARIANCE PRINCIPLE: An n-dimensional domain can only be observed and/or measured from an (n+1)-dimensional domain.
DIOPHANTINE EQUATIONS: Diophantine equations are polynomial equations, usually in two or more unknowns, such that only the integer solutions are sought or studied (an integer solution is a solution such that all the unknowns take integer values). They are named after Diophantus of Alexandria (210 -294 AD).
DIOPHANTINE EQUATIONS: Diophantine equations are polynomial equations, usually in two or more unknowns, such that only the integer solutions are sought or studied (an integer solution is a solution such that all the unknowns take integer values). They are named after Diophantus of Alexandria (210 -294 AD).
Don’t worry if you don’t understand all of the details of the definitions of the terms listed above. They will become clear and meaningful as they are used in this discussion.
DISCUSSION: THE TRUE NATURE OF REALITY
I will begin by explaining how the practice of science based on belief rather than knowledge leads to erroneous conclusions about the nature of reality. Then I will explain how replacing belief with an analysis of experience replaces belief with knowledge and leads to a new paradigm. This will be followed by a broad-brush description of the nature of reality revealed by the new paradigm, and a description of how the new paradigm was discovered. Finally, I will list some of the major problems with the current mainstream belief-based paradigm that are explained by the new experience-based paradigm. I will provide references to publications containing the detailed derivations from empirical data and mathematical proofs of the basic parameters establishing the new paradigm that describes the true nature of reality and explain some of the conundrums and paradoxes of the current belief-based paradigm of mainstream science.
The Belief-based Standard Model of Reality
The current mainstream model promoted by most modern scientists is based on the metaphysical belief system of materialism, also called physicalism. In this belief system, the entirety of reality is believed to consist of matter and energy in the form of combinations of elementary particles and weak and strong forces evolving and interacting in the arena of a universal relativistic space-time domain. Consciousness is believed to be an epiphenomenon of physical evolution, i.e., something secondary to physical reality, arising when a sufficiently sophisticated level of physical complexity is attained. Mainstream scientists have not explained how this complexity could evolve from particles flying apart in a universe expanding from a big-bang explosion. They have not discovered what consciousness is, or how it arises from matter, but they express confidence that it will all be explained when a real “theory of everything” based on physical principles is finally discovered. But a physical theory of everything is an unachievable goal, because not everything we experience is physical.
The job of science is to explain everything we experience. Materialism is an attractive hypothesis because of its simplicity, but should not be used as the basis of scientific investigation because it fails the test of falsifiability. The hypothesis that a physical universe can exist without consciousness cannot be tested. To discover what is wrong with the mainstream theory, and understand why it leads to puzzles and paradoxes at both the quantum and cosmic levels of measurement, we only need to return to what we actually experience. Recall that the first definition listed above identifies science as the effort to understand the nature of the reality we experience, not what we believe or imagine might exist. The physical theory of everything envisioned by mainstream science is not really a theory of everything, because it does not include everything we experience in its axiomatic basis. Limited to physical reality, science cannot explain more than about 5% of everything we experience, and produces no answers for our most important questions concerning the ultimate nature of reality, the source of consciousness, and the meaning or purpose of existence.
All of the observations and measurements of scientific experimentation are possible only because of the conscious drawing of distinctions, not because of the pre-observation existence of an independent physical universe assumed by physicalists. The first distinction drawn is the distinction of self from other, the direct conscious experience of the separation of ‘in-here” from ‘out-there’. The first mistake of materialism occurs when reality is assumed to be binary, leading them to focus on the distinction between an object of observation and its surroundings, ignoring the third component, which is the conscious entity drawing the distinction. By relegating consciousness to a dimensionless point outside the domain of scientific observation and measurement, physicalism misses the key to understanding the nature of reality.
In fact, mainstream science is not science as defined. It has, however, played a very important role in the slow development of human civilization. By limiting the goal of research and experimentation to understanding the mechanics of physical reality, mainstream science has been very successful solving practical problems related to physical survival and the manipulation of the physical environment. But, that is not science as defined above; it is pragmatic technological engineering. By focusing on the mechanics of physical reality, mainstream science has ignored the ontological connection of consciousness with reality, and has therefore no effective way to study the nature of the relationship of consciousness to physical reality.
On the other hand, the limited practical approach of current mainstream science has served us well in one respect. Because of the successes of engineering technology, we no longer have to fight wild animals and the environmental elements to survive. We have created a safety buffer called modern civilization, creating a comfortable physical existence and providing the leisure time needed for a deeper look into the nature of reality. It is critical that we do this now, because if we squander the anxiety-free time provided by labor-saving devices produced by engineering technology in the pursuit of short-term gratification, the lack of a deeper understanding of the nature of reality will result in the decay and self-destruction of civilization.
Consciousness is actually the only thing that we experience directly, so it must be included in any serious scientific endeavor to understand reality. Everything else is perceived indirectly through the senses. To think of consciousness as less real than the objects it perceives indirectly is a fatal mistake, dooming mainstream science to the pseudoscience of physicalism and the dead end of materialism. This short-sightedness has led to loss of meaning, decadence and the decay of modern civilization. With an understanding of what is at stake, it is of paramount importance that we rectify the errors of materialistic science and physicalism as soon as possible. How do we begin to do that? By including consciousness in the equations describing reality. This is what is done in Close & Neppe's TDSVP. Let me explain how.
The Road to a Reality Paradigm
If the bricks of the yellow brick road leading to the Land of Oz were the elementary particles of particle physics, the Emerald City would be the mainstream paradigm. When the light of scientific inspection is expanded to the scope of the reality we experience, the hypothetical particles of mainstream science fade away and disappear like the bricks of Dorothy’s dream. When individualized consciousness dons the ruby slippers of the calculus of dimensional distinctions and clicks its heels, it awakens from the dream of materialism and returns to the reality of the greater cosmos. The discoveries of relativity and quantum physics reveal quantized building blocks at the bottom of physical reality, but, as Planck indicated when he said “there is no matter as such”, they are not physical particles at all. Instead, TDVP shows us that they are energy vortices, spinning simultaneously in multiple dimensions. To understand how and why this is true, we must apply the calculus of dimensional dimensions (CoDD) to analyze experience.
Going back to experience, then, we realized that conscious experience is triadic, not binary as assumed by the scientists who developed the standard model. We experience , the resistance of mass (1.), the impact of energy (2.) and the mutable image of a finite volumetric expanse of space and time as our field of awareness (3.). To properly describe quantized reality, we must have a set of unitary quantum distinctions to use, just as we use units of size, weight, and time, e.g., inches, pounds and minutes, to measure any normal size physical object. But, these conventional units are far too large to use to measure quanta. Trying to do so is like trying to measure the diameters of dust particles in units of light years, the distance between galaxies!
Planck defined quantum units for quantum reality by naturalizing certain fundamental constants of physics: the speed of light, the Coulomb constant, Boltzmann’s constant, and the gravitational constant. ”Naturalizing” them means setting the unit values of these constants equal to one. This is not some arcane definitional concept done for mysterious reasons. We unitize measures of physical objects all the time: We measure distances in multiples of one inch, or one meter, mass in multiples of one pound or one gram, and time in multiples of one second. However, the unitary length of one inch, the weight of one pound, and the duration of one second, are arbitrarily chosen for convenience of measurement and calculation. Setting fundamental constants of nature to unity at the quantum level provides “natural” units of measurement, which physicists call Planck units in honor of Max Planck.
The table below shows the relationships between these fundamental universal constants and conventional international units of measurement.
Speed of light
U/U = 1
U3/U∙U2 = 1
Coulomb (electric charge)
U3U/U2U2 = 1
U2U/U2 U = 1
U2U/U2 = U
Where L implies units of length, M→ mass, T→ time, Q → electrical charge, and ϴ → temperature in degrees, m = meters, kg = kilograms and s = seconds.
Notice that the basic unit types for measurement of the speed of light are length and time, and for the gravitational constant, they are length, mass and time. Considering the mathematical equivalence of mass and energy (E – mc2), these unit types, M, L and T, (mass, length and time) are all that are needed to describe physical reality. All other measurable variables can always be expressed in mathematical combinations of these three basic units. For example, density is mass per unit volume (M/L3), Force = mass times acceleration = Ma = ML/T2, etc. The reader can verify this for other physical parameters. The other two constants, Ke and KB, contain linear measures of electrical charge and temperature that may vary over the field of observation.
The CoDD requires naturalized units of measurement for use in calculation, just as the standard model does. So, one might ask, why not just use Planck units? To answer this question, we turn to TRUE, the quantum equivalence unit of the CoDD, combined with dimensional analysis (see definitions above. In the CoDD, we have defined the TRUE, the quantum equivalence unit derived from the physical characteristics of the electron, as the basic unit of the calculus. For this application of dimensional analysis, let U represent the TRUE, the quantum equivalence unit.
Looking at the fourth column of the table above, we see that the dimensional analysis of four of these universal constants shows that they are symmetric. That is, in quantum equivalence units, the dimensional domains of 1, 2 or 3 dimensions cancel out in the dimensional analysis, making the constant dimensionless. This means that c, G, Ke, and KB are unitary regardless of the size of the units used, whether inches, meters, grams, pounds, etc. when they are quantized and naturalized. Thus they are verified as being universal constants in the CoDD, just as they are in the standard model. The fifth constant, h, Planck’s constant, however, proves to be asymmetric, because the dimensional domains do not cancel. Thus h is not a universal constant, because its value depends on the units of measurement chosen.
This is not the only thing that makes the TRUE (quantum equivalence units) different than Planck units. The TRUE, the ultimate quantum units used in CoDD calculations, are natural quantum units based on the mass and volume of the electron, the elementary object with the smallest mass in the stable components of the natural elements. It is thus the true building block of the physical universe, and the Quantum Equivalence Principle (see definition above) implies that if the TRUE is the true quantum building block of the universe, then all real objects will contain integer (whole number) multiples of the TRUE, and thus the equations describing real phenomena will be Diophantine equations with integer solutions.
The fact that the Planck constant is not an integer in any system of units, tells us that Planck units are not quantum units, while triadic rotational units of equivalence (TRUE) are. This conclusion is verified by the many explanations of empirical observations and agreements with experimental data obtained by applying the CoDD with the TRUE as the basic distinction. These verifications with real data and logical explanations of observed phenomena that are not explained in the standard model paradigm, establishes TDVP as a valid scientific paradigm, not just a theory.
With the mathematical proofs provided in our published papers, TDVP attains the status of a theorem. It is no longer just a theoretical hypothesis. The following examples of successful solutions of some of the paradoxes and puzzles of the standard model, with references to the detailed presentations of derivations and proofs are offered as evidence of the validity of TDVP.
PROBLEMS SOLVED BY TDVP
1.) Why are protons and neutrons combinations of three quarks and not some other electrically neutral combination? Applications of the CoDD with TRUE to the Diophantine combinatorial equations show that other combinations are mathematically and dimensionally impossible because they would violate Fermat’s Last Theorem. The proof has beeen published in several of the references below.
2.) Why do fermions like protons have an intrinsic one-half integer spin? In standard model physics, intrinsic spin is considered part of quantum weirdness that cannot be explained in classical terms. The half-integer spin of fermions and whole-integer spin of bosons are postulated as numerical features of the quantum states of elementary particles, that cannot be derived from first principles and have nothing to do with physical rotation, even though they contribute to the total angular momentum of the particle. However, the application of 9-D spin dynamics in TDVP explains intrinsic spins perfectly well as the direct result of simultaneous rotation in multiple dimensions. Dimensional mathematical proof has been published. See References.
3.) Why do protons and neutrons have so much more mass than the combined mass of the quarks of which they are composed? The standard model posits particles called gluons that hold the quarks together and impart the extra mass to the combination even though in theory, they themselves have zero mass. TDVP derives the mass of the proton and neutron from CoDD applications with TRUE that agree exactly with the results of exhaustive statistical analysis of experimental data from the LHC. See these derivations in published reference listed below.
4.) The standard model does not explain from theory or from first principles why the Cabibbo quark mixing angle is 13.04 degrees, while TDVP provides a straight-forward derivation from 9-D CoDD dynamics calculating the angle at 13.0392 degrees. See References.
5.) The standard model does not explain why there is something rather than nothing. The standard model scientist assumes that consciousness is an epiphenomenon of matter that has no direct causative relationship in the formation, evolution and ultimate nature of reality. Because of this assumption, consciousness has no place in the equations used to describe reality in the theories of mainstream science. TDVP, on the other hand, by following the data of quantum physics experiments where they lead, found that there would be no physical universe if some form of primary consciousness did not exist prior to the formation of protons, neutrons and the natural elements. With the discovery of gimmel, the third (non-mass, non-energy) form of the essential substance of reality, TDVP explains why there is something rather than nothing. See References.
6.) Gimmel, the third form of reality discovered by applying the logic of the CoDD to the mathematical description of the combination of quarks that form stable protons in the 9-D dimensional domain of the finite cosmos, is the link between physical reality and primary consciousness, the substrate of reality, in which the 9-D finite domains of the physical universe and the cosmos are embedded.
This is only the beginning of a long list of fifty-some phenomena, paradoxes and puzzles not explained by the standard model, that are explained by TDVP using CoDD Diophantine integer mathematics with the TRUE quantum unit derived from data on the electron and quarks from DHC data. See References.
Max Planck discovered the quantization of energy, and Albert Einstein provided the equations expressing the equivalence of mass and energy. The Large Hadron Collider, the largest, most sophisticated machine developed by mainstream science so far, has produced mega terabytes of physical data defining the mass and energy of the building blocks of physical reality, providing very accurate estimates of the mass and energy equivalence of electrons and quarks for use as the basis for defining the true quantum equivalence units needed for the calculus of dimensional distinctions.
Reality is triadic, consisting of three sequentially embedded dimensional domains: space, time and consciousness, which are describable in variables of extent, and three forms of the essence of reality: mass, energy and consciousness, describable in variables of content.
Since the new paradigm has been validated with empirical data from the Large Hadron Collider and mathematical proof, as prerviously statedit is no longer a theory. Thus, since it is not a theory, TDVP is not a theory of everything, instead, it is a description of everything.
REFERENCES (A partial list of relevant publications)
1. Close, ER: Transcendental Physics, Gutenberg Richter, 1997, iUniverse toExcel, 2000.
2. Neppe VM, Close ER: The first conundrum: can the standard scientific model be applied to develop a complete theory of reality? IQNexus Journal 7: 2; 15-20, 2015.
3. Close ER, Neppe VM: Translating fifteen mysteries of the universe by applying a nine dimensional spinning model of finite reality: A perspective, the standard model and TDVP. Part 1. Neuroquantology 13: 2; 205-217, 2015.
4. Donoghue JF, Golowich E, Holstein BR: Dynamics of the standard model. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1994.
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6. Pokharna S: Is the modern science finally approaching Jainism? (original in Hindi). Ahmedabad: Jinendu. 2018, March 25.
7. Pokharna SS: The modern science appears to be approaching towards Jainism: Strong evidence that direct knowledge through consciousness is possible. 2018, in press.
8. Pokharna SS, Prajna C: Jain concepts and TDVP model for the theory of Everything: Some remarkable parallels. Transactions of International School for Jain Studies II: 2, 2018, In press.
9. Neppe VM, Close ER: Reality begins with consciousness: a paradigm shift that works (5th Edition) Fifth Edition. Seattle: Brainvoyage.com. 2014.
10. Close ER, Neppe VM: Putting consciousness into the equations of science: the third form of reality (gimmel) and the “TRUE” units (Triadic Rotational Units of Equivalence) of quantum measurement IQNexus Journal 7: 4; 7-119, 2015.
11. Neppe VM. Understanding Gimmel with Vernon Neppe. (YouTube). New Thinking Allowed, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RhV96ShslU4. 2018.
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13. Neppe VM, Close ER: Key ideas: the third substance, gimmel and the God matrix. Part 1. World Institute for Scientific Exploration (WISE) Journal 4: 4; 3-4, 2015.
14. Neppe VM, Close ER: The gimmel pairing: Consciousness and energy and life (Part 13D). IQNexus Journal 7: 3; 122-126, 2015.
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35. Neppe VM, Close ER: Fifty discoveries that are changing the world: Why the Triadic Dimensional Distinction Vortical Paradigm (TDVP) makes a difference. IQ Nexus Journal 9: 2; 7-39, 2017.
36. Close ER, Neppe VM: Introductory summary perspective on TRUE and gimmel (Part 1) in Putting consciousness into the equations of science: the third form of reality (gimmel) and the “TRUE” units (Triadic Rotational Units of Equivalence) of quantum measurement IQNexus Journal 7: 4; 8-15, 2015.
37. Close ER, Neppe VM: Empirical exploration of the third substance, gimmel in particle physics (Part 10). IQNexus Journal 7: 4; 45-47, 2015.
38. Close ER, Neppe VM: The TRUE unit: triadic rotational units of equivalence (TRUE) and the third form of reality: gimmel; applying the conveyance equation (Part 12). IQNexus Journal 7: 4; 55-65, 2015.
39. Neppe VM, Close ER: Speculations about gimmel Part 5. World Institute for Scientific Exploration (WISE) Journal 4: 4; 21-26, 2015.
40. Neppe VM, Close ER: The fourteenth conundrum: Applying the proportions of Gimmel to Triadic Rotational Units of Equivalence compared to the proportions of dark matter plus dark energy: Speculations in cosmology. IQNexus Journal 7: 2; 72-73, 2015.
41. Neppe VM, Close ER: Applying consciousness, infinity and dimensionality creating a paradigm shift: introducing the triadic dimensional distinction vortical paradigm (TDVP). Neuroquantology 9: 3; 375-392, 2011.
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43. Neppe VM, Close ER: The necessity for infinity: Section 3. IQ Nexus Journal 9: 1; 24-29, 2017.
44. Neppe VM, Close ER: The fifteenth conundrum: Applying the philosophical model of Unified Monism: Returning to general principles. IQNexus Journal 7: 2; 74-78, 2015.
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75. Close ER, Neppe VM: The Cabibbo mixing angle and other particle physics paradoxes solved by applying the TDVP multidimensional spin model. IQNexus Journal 14: 1; 13-50, 2014
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