Tuesday, November 30, 2021





A very dear friend, someone I have known for more than 70 years, has just been hospitalized and diagnosed with Covid-19. He was fully vaccinated. I hate political arguments and have tried hard to avoid them for the past several months because they are almost always divisive and irrational. I know that some may think that this post is jumping back into the decisive political mess that has split our nation apart, but I don’t think so. I believe that it has now gone far beyond politics. I think it is time to tell the truth as we see it, regardless of who it might offend. If you are offended by allowing others to speak their truth, you are probably part of the problem. HERE IS THE RAW UNVARNISHED TRUTH AS I SEE IT:

We are in the midst of the worst global disaster since World War II. I can say that with conviction because I am old enough to remember WWII vividly. What we are seeing beginning to play out now is the same evil program that the Third Holy Roman Empire, (the Third Reich) spearheaded by Adolph Hitler, attempted to implement then. A few self-appointed elites decide that they know what’s best for humanity, and unfortunately, they have the money and political power, unwittingly given to them by the complacent masses, that blinds them and deludes them into believing that they can play God. This evil program is called social engineering. It’s pretty easy to identify who the psychotic elites behind this cancelling and purging effort are. Just follow the money.

Andrew Fauci, a tool of the global elite, is very much of the same evil mindset as Joseph Mengele, who experimented on human beings like lab rats in 1944. He pretends to be a scientist, while violating every tenant of real science on a daily basis, ignoring real solutions, and pushing a gene therapy vaccine that is designed to solve what the elites see as a world over-population problem, while further enriching and empowering himself and the self-appointed elites. Half of our federal government, both elected officials and appointed civil servants, Republicans and Democrats alike, are willing to go along with the plan, to gain political power and wealth. They have literally sold their souls to the Devil; pure and simple.

Today’s lockdowns remind me eerily of the WWII blackouts, when we hunkered down with our gas masks and food rationing, in fear for our lives on a daily basis. It was the common man and woman then, who rose up, confirming Patrick Henry’s cry: “Give me liberty, or give me death!” And those brave souls gave their blood, sweat, and tears – and often their lives - to protect their loved-ones and stop the insanity of a regime bent on world domination. My father and uncles, second-generation descendants of European immigrants, were among those who rose up. Their wives, like my mother and aunts, worked their fingers to the bone in war-effort industries, praying every day and night for their men, husbands, and sons, who were fighting on ancestral beaches and other bloody fronts around the world, hoping against hope that their loved ones would survive the horror and come back home alive and uninjured.

It looks like we may be at that point again, where those unwilling to give up their God-given rights to become Borg-like human-AI composite monstrosities, re-engineered to protect the hive of the elite, may have to rise up again. God help us, that we may find a way to stop the current madness without the horrible toll of bloodshed and war around the globe that has happened before! The Covid pandemic is being used to inject fear into our lives, much like happened to the German people in 1939. Fear blinds us to what is going on and prepares us for the tyranny of the elite. The actual death rate from Covid is not much different from past influenza pandemic death rates, and death from natural causes is not the real enemy, death from man-made causes is.

Religion may be the opiate of the masses, as Atheists believe, but spirituality is not. There is hope, and  I urge you not to despair. Proof of the existence of a higher consciousness than ours is available through the logic and mathematics of TDVP and  through direct experience. Meditate and pray without ceasing, and when necessary, be prepared to take action to preserve your God-given right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The Truth will prevail. As the mothers and fathers of generations before us were want to say: God is still in control! Let the chant of Om, Shanti, Peace, Pax, Amen, Amin, uttered most earnestly in every language known to man, be heard around the world.

ERC – 11/30/2021

Saturday, November 27, 2021



Left to right: Dr. Vernon Neppe, Dr. Ed Close, Dr. Maria Sagi, Dr. Ervin Lazlo


There seems to be some confusion about what a dimension is, what a dimension is not, and how additional dimensions, if they exist, relate to the three dimensions of space and one dimension of time that we think we know so well. It is not unusual these days to hear someone who has seen a strange object zip across the sky, say: “UFOs must come from another dimension”, or someone who has had a near-death experience may say that they “saw an alternate reality in an extra dimension.” Statements like these illustrate what I mean by confusion about what a dimension is, and about what the word “dimension” means.


This confusion about dimensions is due largely to the fact that the concept of dimensionality has been poorly defined, even by mainstream scientists and mathematicians. One thing I can say about dimensions with some confidence, is that dimensions of space and time are not what most people think they are. After many years of research and defining how the measurement of the dimensions of space and time change with relative motion, Einstein concluded that space has no existence apart from being a structural feature of physical reality. He said: Time and space are modes by which we think and not conditions in which we live.” Conclusion: The dimensions of space and time are just measurable aspects of the form of physical reality, not “things” in the sense that mountains, trees, and other physical objects are.


When I write or speak about the extra dimensions of the TDVP model of reality, typical questions that I am asked include the following:

“If space is not a real thing like the atmosphere or an ocean, why are there three dimensions of space? Why not two, or four, or some other number? Why do you say there are also three dimensions of time and three dimensions of consciousness? If these extra dimensions actually exist, what exactly are they? Where are they? And why don’t we see them the way we see the three dimensions of space?”

I will try to answer these questions here, but first, I first want to be absolutely certain that you know what I mean when I say the word dimension.


Dimension is a common word, a word that ordinary people use all the time. Everyone knows what is meant by the word when it is used in regard to the size of a room, or the dimensions of a box to be shipped. In general, the dimensions of a physical object are length, width, and height or depth. But the same word is also used to describe qualities or aspects of reality that have nothing to do with the dimensions of space and time. For example, you might hear a psychiatrist speak of dimensions of mental health, or a musician refer to the emotional dimensions of a beautiful symphony or a patriotic march. These uses of the word are legitimate and understandable, but, for clarity in TDVP, and in these discussions, the word dimension must be defined with one, and only one, very specific meaning:


A dimension is the measurable, directional extent of a finite distinction, i.e., a measure of the extent of a finite object or group of objects.


The measurement of any other feature of objective reality is not a dimension. For example, measures of mass are measures of content, not extent. There are also measures of impact and intent, but in these discussions, when I use the word dimension, I am referring to a measure of extent, nothing more, nothing else. Dimensions are measures of extent, and only measures of extent.


With this brief introduction to the subject of dimensionality, I will proceed trying to remove as much of the confusion about dimensions as I can by answering the specific questions about dimensions listed above.


Clarifying the Terminology and Answering the Questions

Realization that what we call dimensions are actually just measures of the geometric structure of reality, makes it clear that it is incorrect to say that something, e.g., a UFO, can come from a dimension, or that anything exists in a dimension. Saying that UFOs come from another dimension is like saying that a 3-D object comes from length. Similarly, saying that an alternate reality exists in another dimension is incorrect because nothing can exist in a dimension, instead, every real thing exists in a multi-dimensional domain of three or more dimensions.


Dimensions are simply measurements of the extent of an object or objects contained in a given volumetric domain. UFOs, regardless of where they might come from, suddenly appear in our 4-D spacetime awareness when the domain of our perception is expanded to include the energies of the content of an extra dimensional domain, energies not normally in the range of our organs of vision. And what appear to be alternate realities are probably glimpses of more detail of the complex reality that exists in domains with more dimensions than we normally perceive. With that, I will try to answer the specific questions that have been asked regarding the extra dimensions of the TDVP model of reality.


Why are there three dimensions of space? Why not two, or four, or some other number? (This question is not asked as often as the others in the list, but I am addressing it first because the answer is the basis for the other questions and answers.)

If space had less than three dimensions, there would be no physical universe, because at least three dimensions are required to contain objects with mass and energy. Physical objects are composed of rotating mass and energy vortices, and the stable, uniform rotation of a finite object can only occur if the object is symmetric around three rotational axes equally distant from each other, i.e., 90 degrees apart, on any 360-degree circumference drawn on the surface of a sphere constructed around the object.


Applications of the CoDD to the dynamics and combinations of electrons, quarks, protons, and neutrons, reveal that because of this, they have an intrinsic ½ spin. From this it follows that finite, rotating objects with an integer multiple of ½ spin (that includes the Fermions, the “particles” that make up atomic structure) are volumetric phenomena that can only exist in dimensional domains with three or more dimensions. This means that stable elementary particles are symmetrical objects rotating in three dimensions, and since dimensions reflect the structure of the field of matter and energy, space has at least three dimensions. But could space have more than three dimensions?


The TDVP quantum description of the process of moving from one dimensional domain to the next, i.e., from an n-dimensional domain to the n+1-dimensional domain, is a process that I call dimensional extrapolation. This process reveals a surprising mathematical invariance: After each series of three projections from domain to domain, the unit of projection, which is also the base unit of the additional dimension creating the n+1 dimensional domain, must change to a different, more complex type of number. Otherwise, the projection does not leave the n-dimensional domain; it is just a movement from one point to another within the n-dimensional domain. The projection extends out of the three-dimensional domain of physical space, e.g., if, and only if, the unitary projection is transformed from one quantum equivalence unit to one ‘imaginary’ unit. Then, and only then, the projection leaves the space domain. Therefore, there can be three, and only three, dimensions of space.


Note for those interested in the math and physics of this invariance: The proof of this very significant conclusion involves applications of the Calculus of Dimensional Distinctions, the Pythagorean Theorem, Fermat’s Last Theorem, infinite descent proofs, and the discovery of the existence of gimmel, the quantized, non-physical part of quantum reality that creates stable nucleons and the life-supporting atoms of the Periodic Table of Elements.

Also, of note for those interested in the math: All of the unitary projections from one dimensional domain to the next are members of the set of the primitive roots of unity. When these projections are calculated sequentially, a marked increase in complexity occurs in the form of the unitary projection with each third projection. This correlates with the increase in the physical complexity of the contents of the dimensional domains after each series of three.


Why do you say there are also three dimensions of time and three dimensions of consciousness?

Answer: Because of this dimensional domain invariance, in any n to n+1 projection, as described above. When the process of dimensional extrapolation is applied to move the focus of unitary projection from the sixth dimension to the seventh, the unit of projection changes again, from imaginary to complex. The change in complexity of the projection unit reflects the increase in complexity of the content of the new triad of dimensional domains. This difference of complexity is apparent in the change in complexity that occurs moving from the three dimensions of space into the dimensional domain of time. The change is even greater when moving from domains of  spacetime into the dimensional domain of consciousness.


If these extra dimensions actually exist, what exactly are they, and where are they?

Bear in mind that dimensions have no existence of their own. They are simply measures of extent, reflecting the manifold complexity of the content of the dimensional domains they encompass, i.e., the shape of the field of reality existing within the domain. And the extra dimensions of reality are not things existing somewhere else. If you expand your consciousness to include one more dimension beyond your current awareness, then you find that the new dimensional domain contains everything you were aware of before, and more. It’s like moving from the focus of reading an interesting book, to suddenly realizing that there is a greater reality all around you.


Why don’t we see them the way we see the three dimensions of space?

This question reveals how deeply in our minds the confusion about what a dimension is and is not, is rooted. No one can “see” a dimension because dimensions are not things the way a house, tree, or any object distinguished from the rest of reality is. You do not see dimensions; you see the contents of a dimensional domain. Consider, for example, a tree growing outside my office window. It is made up of a variety of atoms and molecules vibrating at frequencies that reflect light vibrating at frequencies that my eyes, optic nerves, and brain cells can receive, process, and interpret as an image of a tree.


The range of frequencies that my physical eyes can receive is limited to a narrow band of vibratory frequencies, and it appears, from my research into the nature of consciousness, that the physical senses are just fragmented parts of a potentially much greater awareness of the vast vibratory reality existing all around us in higher dimensional domains.


Dimensions and Consciousness

In the last blogpost, I quoted physicist John Archibald Wheeler, who said: “Useful as it is under everyday circumstances to say that the world exists ‘out there’ independent of us, that view can no longer be upheld. There is a strange sense in which this is a ‘participatory universe’.” Application of the CoDD dispels much, if not all, of this strangeness. As mentioned above, it shows us some surprising things about the structure of sub-atomic physical reality. For example, it reveals that elementary particles are not rigid particles, and explains why quarks combine in threes to form protons, which are the most stable objects in the physical universe. A greater understanding of this mutability of physical reality at the quantum scale could lead to truly remarkable advances in every field of science.


In Laws of Form, G. Spencer Brown says that “Although all forms, and thus all universes, are possible, and any particular form is mutable, it becomes evident that the laws relating such forms are the same in any universe. Application of the CoDD to analyze the formation of stable atoms from the combination of quarks and electrons, shows us that physical reality has the same structural form at the quantum level as the logical topological structure of analytical geometry, which, when combined with the concepts of number and equivalence, form the basis of pure mathematics. It also reveals the existence of gimmel, the quantifiable non-physical link between the physical universe and consciousness. With the discovery of gimmel, we finally begin to understand why the physical universe has the same logical structure as consciousness and pure mathematics. The dimensions of space, time, and consciousness are intimately interconnected by mathematical invariances in every dimensional domain.


Consciousness is no stranger to us. It is the only thing we experience directly. For this reason, it is difficult to define. It is a fundamental part of reality, if for no other reason, because it is absolutely impossible to know anything about the physical universe without consciousness. As Max Planck said: “We cannot get behind consciousness.” So, let’s have a deeper look at consciousness. The first distinction we draw as conscious beings, is the distinction of self from other, the difference between “in here” versus “out there”. Because of this distinction, we think “I am in here, and everything else is out there”. But is this really true, or is it just a belief based on limited information?


A fundamental difference between consciousness and physical reality that we tend to overlook is that “in here”, space and time are infinitely continuous and infinitely divisible, while out there, the physical universe is finite and discretely quantized. Before the discoveries of Max Planck and Albert Einstein, we assumed that the physical universe existing “out there” was infinitely continuous and infinitely divisible just like the “in here” of consciousness. We know now that this is not true; and it becomes important to find out exactly how infinitely continuous consciousness interacts with the finite distinctions of physical reality. This interaction is largely hidden from us as human beings because it happens at the quantum scale, extremely far below the operating range of our physical senses.


Applications of the Calculus of Dimensional Distinctions with the Triadic Rotational Unit of Equivalence (TRUE) as the basic unit of measurement, have shown that our limited awareness of three dimensions of space, and a succession of moments on one timeline, is the result of the limited functioning of our physical senses and the organization of mass and energy in a stable form. Analyzing the combination of quarks to form the proton, we find that this stability is assured by the existence of a specific number of units of a measurable third form of quantum reality that we call gimmel.


Gimmel is categorically different than the other forms of reality because it has no physical mass or energy. The existence of non-physical gimmel not only stabilizes physical reality at the quantum scale, but it also causes it to take on the specific structural form it does. That stable structure leads to the formation of certain elements (hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, etc.) that make up the organic compounds that form the basis for the development and support of living organisms. These living organisms, because of the influence of gimmel, have some level of consciousness and self-awareness from the first single-celled living thing, to the most complex of all life forms.


Extra Dimensions? So What?!

Finally, I think when people ask about what the extra dimensions predicted by the TDVP model are, they are really asking about what expanded awareness into the extra dimensional domains of 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 dimensions of reality reveals. Perhaps the question should be: What would a person with his or her consciousness expanded to receive energies from these extra dimensions see and experience? I touched on answers to this question in the post of October 24, 2021, titled “DIMENSIONS OF SPACE, TIME, AND CONSCIOUSNESS”. The reader might want to review that post in conjunction with this post.


The answers I gave there are controversial from the point of view of many mainstream scientists because people who have experienced expanded states of consciousness during meditation, spiritual inspiration, or in traumatic near-death experiences, are considered by those who ascribe to simple materialism as their basic philosophical belief system, to be psychotic or delusional. Despite the growing number of verified cases of extra-sensory perception during NDEs and OBEs, reports of expanded states of awareness are still generally considered to be paranormal and subjective by mainstream science. However, TDVP provides, for the first time, a comprehensive scientific framework that explains psychic abilities as natural effects of expanded consciousness.


The real value and purpose of having an improved model of reality is to develop a realistic map of the path leading to the goal of human existence: Cosmic Consciousness; and that path may start at the quantum level, where we find the first direct evidence of the interaction of consciousness and physical reality.


ERC – 11/27/2021

Sunday, November 21, 2021




Remnants of Summer, once green, flying now in a brown flock of leaves,

Smelling, in that breath of Autumn air, a hint of Winter’s coming frost,

I am reminded of the long, lonely days that like an awful gang of thieves,

Robbed us of the love we knew and left us crying for what we had lost.

But I hear: “True Love never dies”, echoing like a love song’s sweet refrain,

Though dark clouds may hide the skies, and bitter tears may fill our eyes,

When Spring brings healing sun and rain, all that was comes back again.

Can time dim the love shining in our eyes? No, Love, true Love never dies!

God’s Love fills all time and space, each second, and in every place. Amen!



It is time to take a deeper, more detailed look at time. Why? Because time is definitely NOT what most of us, including mainstream scientists, think it is; and yet we allow erroneous beliefs about time to rule our lives. This is a bad mistake that produces mostly negative effects and ultimately disastrous end results. I have written about time many times before. My interest in the subject goes all the way back to my earliest memories. The first time I wrote about time was in a series of poems that I wrote when I was about ten years old. However, the first time anything I wrote about time was published was when I was a first-year university student and a member of an English Department sponsored creative writing club called Scribblers and Scrawlers.

I touched on some of the mysteries of time in my first book, The Book of Atma, published in 1977, and I discussed the three-dimensional nature of time in considerable detail in my second book, Infinite Continuity, devoting more than thirty pages to the subject. Unfortunately, that book, published in 1990, is currently out of print. But most of the discussion about the nature of time presented in that Infinite Continuity has been repeated and expanded in more detail in several published papers and books since then. But it is time to think about time again because, thanks to the current world crises, people have a lot of time on their hands, and the results of that have been disastrous.

It is not my intention to repeat mathematical proofs, scientific detail, and experimental data supporting the TDVP view of time in this post. That has been covered fairly well in references found listed at the end of my October 24, 2021 blogpost entitled “Dimensions of Space, Time, and Consciousness”. In today’s post, I want to discuss the importance of trying to know what time actually is, and perhaps even more importantly, what time is not.

Is Time Something?

Late-night talk show host and comedian David Letterman had a routine a few years ago, called “Is this something?”, in which he presented a weird act, object, or concept, asking “Is this something, or is it nothing?” It turns out that time is not a ‘thing’ in the sense that an object like a table or a chair is, but it also is not ‘nothing’. If time is not something, but also not nothing, then what is it? This is not a trivial question because it has significant implications in understanding the nature of reality, if we can find an answer to it.

Could it be one of those Gödel questions that cannot be answered in the logical system within which it is asked, like the three questions discussed in the previous blogpost, “The Answer”, posted November 7, 2021? Yes, that’s exactly what it is. The logical system within which we ask this question is a model based on the common human experiences of reality brought into our consciousness through the physical senses. But you might ask: Isn’t that all we have? No, we have developed tools to expand our knowledge of the nature of reality and its major features of space, time, matter, and energy, beyond the limits of physical perception. Through technological advances like the microscope, electron microscope, telescope, and radio-telescope, and the use of inductive and deductive reasoning, we have learned about relativistic and quantum phenomena, things that exist at the upper and lower ends of the scale of measurable reality. We have only begun to explore things not directly available to us through our physical senses.

Some parts of this post may prove to be challenging for anyone not familiar with the basic concepts and terminology of quantum physics and the Neppe-Close paradigm, the Triadic Dimensional Vortical Paradigm (TDVP). But the ideas presented are included to provide a logical pathway to understanding the nature of time.


No less a deep thinker than Albert Einstein said that time, like space - or spacetime, if you like - “has no existence of its own.” He concluded that time and space are simply structural features of the field of reality, and by “the field”, he meant the four-dimensional physical domain shaped by the distribution of the substance of reality. Einstein suggested that time is not a thing in and of itself, and that it may be an artifact of observation, created by the functioning of consciousness. He said: “Time and space are modes by which we think and not conditions in which we live.”

Because time has no substance, scientists have assumed that it is infinitely divisible and that we can measure it using arbitrarily chosen linear units. However, if the units we choose to measure time are not commensurate with the units we use measure mass and energy, then the logical process of developing a conceptual model can lead to absurdities, like mathematical singularities (dimensionless points) in space or time, things that do not actually exist in the physical world. This is why it was necessity to develop a functional quantum calculus, the calculus of dimensional distinctions described in previous publications. In this post, however, I will focus on the question of what time is and is not, not on the mathematical details of the quantum calculus.

Is Time Nothing?

Albert Einstein once wrote that those who believe in physics “know that the distinction between past, present, and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion”. Some people have interpreted this as saying that time is an illusion, i.e., that time doesn’t actually exist. I agree with Einstein’s statement, but not with the interpretation. Based on personal OBEs and TDVP research, I believe that the way we think of time, as consisting of a single “timeline” connecting past, present, and future, is an illusion, but that does not mean that time does not exist. The common conception of time as a one-way linear flow of events, which, along with 3-D space, provides a universal background, within which all objective things exist and evolve, actually is an illusion. But it is an illusion based on incomplete knowledge. This is quite a different thing from saying that time does not exist.

Science and the Nature of Time

With the help of a brilliant research partner, Dr. Vernon Neppe, MD, PhD of Pacific Neuropsychiatric Institute, and the encouragement of some very special people, like my late wife Jacqui, Dr. David Stewart, PhD, ND, Dr. Gary Schwartz, of AAPS, Dr. Jeffrey Mishlove, of New Thinking Allowed, Erin J. Morgart, Writer, Agent, Model, Grig Oprea, founder of Academia Ars Morendi in Romania, and a few others, I have been able to explain the science and mathematics behind the discovery of gimmel, the quantifiable non-physical component of reality and the three-dimensional nature of time in published books, papers, articles, YouTube videos, and blogposts. What I want to do in this post, is to open the door a little farther to provide a glimpse of the multi-dimensional nature of time.

It is a fair question to ask: If time, like space, is three-dimensional, why hasn’t mainstream science discovered this long before now? The answer reveals a simple, albeit subtle truth: Ingrained beliefs, however wrong they may be, form an almost impenetrable barrier to the expansion of human consciousness to include a broader, more comprehensive view of reality. Weighed down by the unwarranted limiting assumptions of materialism, mainstream scientists and the bulk of humanity cannot surmount the barrier of belief to consider the radical new idea of three-dimensional time. But this does not deter me, because I know that radical new ideas grounded in truth have always been the hallmark of scientific advancement.

As science historian Thomas Kuhn pointed out in his book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, science does not merely progress by the gradual accumulation of data and knowledge, as is generally believed, but in periodic revolutions called paradigm shifts. When these shifts occur, the scientific understanding of reality is abruptly expanded with the introduction of new ideas that appear radical to the scientists working in the existing paradigm. Radical new ideas are always questioned by established scientists, and that is a legitimate part of the scientific method. But those who have a vested interest in the status quo, often resist, attack, and ridicule ideas that are outside the box of their belief system.  

Kuhn argued that science advances in three stages: First, a period of investigation during which a formal model of reality is formed. This is followed by a period of what he called “normal science”, when scientists apply the model of reality to solve real-life problems. Eventually, they find that there are real problems that cannot be solved with their model. This should be expected. (See the discussions of Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem in my previous posts). Finally, new facts about reality are discovered that form the basis of a radical new, more comprehensive paradigm.

When the scientific community realizes that the new paradigm can solve problems and resolve paradoxes that could not be addressed in the old paradigm, a revolutionary shift in the understanding of the nature of reality occurs. More importantly for the advancement of science, when a new scientific paradigm solves a paradox that existed in the old paradigm, it also reveals a new aspect of reality so radical that it could not even be imagined in the old paradigm. This, in my opinion, is the case with the understanding of the nature of time.

Can Actions in the Present Change the Future and the Past?

Of course, things we do today can and do affect the future. We know this to be the case from everyday experience. We see that actions taken in the present do affect the future in predictable ways through the law of cause and effect. Without a logical relationship between cause and effect, no stable reality, life, or science would be possible. With the common assumptions about space and time, however, we cannot imagine that choices we make and actions we take in the present could possibly change the past, but there is evidence suggesting that they can. How is this possible?


Space and time are just words, names we give to the dimensional extent of objects and events, past, present, and future. If objects and events of the past can be affected by making changes in the present, then the space and time of the past will naturally conform to those changes, and the past will be changed by present actions. If this can happen, then the question is not just about time, it’s about the physical objects of past events being affected by actions that can be performed now. There actually is evidence that they can be. To explain this, I need to describe two relevant experiments that I have discussed in previous publications, notably in Transcendental Physics, published in 1997.


The discoveries of Planck and Einstein early in the last century resulted in revealing serious paradoxes in the mainstream materialistic paradigm that had been extremely successful up until that point in time. Most striking was the Einstein, Podolsky, Rosen (EPR) paradox. The EPR paper presented a thought experiment that if correct, contradicted the uncertainty principle of quantum mechanics formalized by German mathematical physicist Werner Heisenberg. Studying the EPR paper, Heisenberg and Danish theoretical physicist Niels Bohr realized that the only way out of the paradox was to challenge the totally reasonable assumption that the elementary particles produced in the proposed experiment were actually localized objects like the word “particle” suggests.


Bohr proposed that elementary objects like those in the EPR experiment are not discrete localized particles until they impact a receptor in an irreversible manner. Until then, he suggested, both the location and momentum of the “particles” can only be represented by Heisenberg’s uncertainly principle using non-commutative matrix equations, or wave-like probability distributions represented by the Schrödinger wave equation. Eventually, experimental evidence proved that Bohr was right. When in motion, the elementary particles of physical reality are not tiny, localized particles! This solution to the EPR paradox was called the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, and a later version of it led to an eye-opening experiment that would bring traditional beliefs about space and time into serious question.


A simple experiment with light, called the double-slit experiment, producing wave interference patterns, was first performed by an English physician, Dr. Thomas Young, in 1801. In 1804, he published the results of the experiment as proof that light is a wave phenomenon. About one hundred years later, however, it was discovered that light also exhibits particle behavior under some circumstances, and it was discovered that the double-slit experiment could be modified to show that the physical form of light can be caused to manifest as either particle or wave, depending upon specific actions taken by the person performing the experiment.

In the modified form of the experiment, a light source is aimed at an opaque wall with two slits in it and a photographic plate is placed on the other side of the wall to receive the light. If only one slit is opened, the light going through the slit behaves like tiny particles (photons) producing a scattering of dot-like images on the photographic plate. But when both slits are open, the light behaves like undulating waves, producing an interference pattern on the plate.


As interesting as that was, it got a lot more interesting when John A. Wheeler, a student of Einstein’s, revisited the double-slit experiment, and reasoned that, given that Bohr’s resolution of the EPR paradox had proved to be correct, the particle or wave nature of the light impacting the photographic plate could be changed at will by opening or closing one of the slits at any time before the light reached the plate - even after it had passed through the slitted wall! This experiment was appropriately called the delayed-choice double-slit experiment. When it was carefully performed, by research teams in Germany and in the US, Wheeler’s reasoning proved to be correct. Somehow, the light seemed to “know” that a slit had been opened or closed, even when the action was delayed until after the light had passed through the slitted wall.


Since the delayed-choice double-slit experiment was first performed, it has been refined to the point where one photon at a time can be fired at the slits. The speed of light is known with great accuracy, and the distances between the light source and slits, and between the slits and the photographic plate, can be determined with great precision, so the exact location of a given photon or wave front can be determined very accurately at any time after it leaves the light source, and the exact times that it reaches the slits and the photographic plate can also be determined. But no matter how many times the experiment was run with the opening or closing of the slit performed at various points in time, the result was always the same.


Note: It has also been shown that all stable elementary particles behave the sa way, making non-locality a fundamental feature of reality at the quantum level. This fact is important because every atom in the physical universe is made up of elementary particles in motion.


Wheeler also developed a thought experiment version of the delayed-choice experiment using light coming from a distant star and reached some startling conclusions about time. Considering light coming from a quasar at the edge of the universe, into an observatory telescope, he realized that a choice made in the present, namely the choice of whether to capture the light in a photon collector, or on a photographic plate, would determine whether the light had curved around the gravitational lens of a massive galaxy existing between the quasar and the Earth, billions of miles away, and millions of years in the past, to be captured in the photon collector, or if it had traveled through the galaxy as a wave, to contribute to an interference pattern on the photographic plate.  


In his book At Home in the Universe, John Wheeler presents this delayed-choice experiment as a paradoxical violation of the one-way arrow of time. We think of reality as existing in the past, present, and future, but he says: “The past has no existence except as it is recorded in the present.” And, based on the results of the delayed-choice experiment: “It is wrong to think of the past as ‘already existing’ in detail… What we have a right to say of past space, time, and past events is decided by choices made in the present. The phenomena called into being reach backward in time, even to the earliest days of the universe. Useful as it is under everyday circumstances to say that the world exists ‘out there’ independent of us, that view can no longer be upheld. There is a strange sense in which this is a ‘participatory universe’.”


The results of the delayed-choice experiments definitely verify Bohr’s resolution of the EPR paradox, rejecting the assumption that elementary particles are localized objects moving through space like tiny baseballs. And major aspects of the phenomena of the chain of events that we call reality do not exist in detail in the past. They are “called into being by choices” made by conscious observers in the present.


This understanding of the nature of reality is basic to Wheeler’s “It from Bit” view of how everything comes into being. In his view, choices and actions of conscious beings in the present and near past determine what we can say about what happened in the past, what reality is now, and what the potential realities of the future may be. In other words, the here and now is real, but both the past and the future are affected under certain circumstances by choices and actions in the here and now, because the elementary particles of which everything is made are non-local until registered in the present.


It is important to realize that the reasonable, but unwarranted EPR assumption of continuous particle localism is one that we all buy into as conscious human beings on a daily basis. We assume, based on the time illusion created by the reliability of the man-made mechanisms we call clocks, that time is a real thing that flows uniformly from past to future in the same way, throughout the universe, but that simply is not true. Empirical evidence from experiments verifying the principles of both relativity and quantum mechanics, the two pillars of modern physics, proves that time has no existence of its own and, like space, is not independent of the mass, energy, and consciousness existing in the present.


I find it interesting that Albert Einstein and Max Planck, the two brilliant scientists who created the last great paradigm shift, were friends in the days before World War II when they made their respective discoveries that led to general relativity and quantum physics. Besides being serious scientists searching for truth, they both loved music. Planck sang and played piano, and Einstein played violin. They spent many hours together, playing and listening to classical music.


Getting back to the subject of the nature of time, I want to be clear that the demotion of time from the status of a uniform tangible feature of reality to a variable structural feature, does not make it any less important in our lives, and it does not imply that we can manipulate time in any frivolous manner we might fancy. All of the quantifiable and measurable aspects of reality, including time, are inter-related in a mathematically invariant structure that is identical with the logical structure of pure mathematics. The exact way time varies throughout the physical universe, from the quantum scale of the electron to the macro-scale of galaxies, can be accurately calculated. Such calculations can be made by applying the primary quantum calculus of TDVP to the processes of quantum mechanics and the principles of relativity expressed in the time-dilation equations of general relativity.


The Dimensionality of Reality

The Calculus of Dimensional Distinctions (CoDD) was developed by expanding G. Spencer Brown’s calculus of indications to include consciousness and dimensional geometry as fundamental features of the form. In developing the Laws of Form, Brown took the drawing of a distinction with a closed boundary as the first step in the construction of any model of reality. The calculus of indications, based on two equations describing expansion and contraction of the form, is a mathematically elegant system of binary logic. The laws of form, comprised of theorems proved within this system of logic, begin to mimic the structure of reality when the logical counterpart of “imaginary” numbers is brought into the calculus, a fact that takes most people by surprise, apparently including even Brown himself.


Conceptualization of the dimensionality, or more accurately, of the dimensionometry of the TDVP model is key to seeing how the structure of pure mathematics corresponds with the logical structure of reality, including space, time, and consciousness. Dimensionality does not arise explicitly in Brown’s derivations until the logical counterpart of imaginary numbers is introduced in the next to last chapter, Chapter 11 of Laws of Form. In contrast, the calculus of dimensional distinctions was expanded from the beginning to include the distinctions of space, time, and consciousness, each with variables of content, extent, and intent. Because of this, it should not be surprising that the TDVP model reflects the structure of reality in considerably more accuracy and detail than the calculus of indications.


Three Dimensions of Time

Albert Einstein was arguably the most brilliant physicist of modern times, with the possible exception of Wolfgang Pauli. But it is not a criticism, nor does it lessen my respect for him in any way, to acknowledge that he was not really a mathematician. In fact, it was not Einstein, but his former math professor at Zurich, Hermann Minkowski, who developed the four-dimensional model for special relativity. Because mathematics was not his main interest, Einstein dismissed the 4-D model at first, as unnecessary mathematical sophistication, and David Hilbert, considered to be the leading mathematician of the time, almost beat him to completing the 4-D model for general relativity.


Application of the CoDD to expand the model by dimensional extrapolation to include these additional features of reality revealed the fact that dimensions beyond the first three could not be dimensions of space due to an important mathematical invariance, and that after the three dimensions of space, the next three dimensions are dimensions of time. And we know that G. Spencer Brown realized that the fourth dimension had to be a dimension of time. On page 58 and 59 in Chapter 11 of Laws of Form, speaking of the “imaginary state” he says:


Since we do not wish, if we can avoid it, to leave the form, the state we envisage is not in space but in time. (It being possible to enter a state of time, without leaving the state of space in which one is already lodged.)


Both of these statements by Brown are verified by the application of the CoDD in dimensional extrapolation. The three dimensions of space are measurable in integer quantum equivalence units. The fourth dimension, measurable in integer multiples of i, the square root of -1, completes the 4-D domain, which includes the three dimensions of space. Thus, entering the 4-D domain of space-time does involve leaving the domain of space.


The same mathematical invariance, described in detail in several other published papers, requires that, after three dimensions of time, the next three dimensions cannot be dimensions of space or time. They have to be dimensions of consciousness, measurable in units of integral complex numbers, a + bi, and the conscious domains also contain the space and time domains.


The derivation of the quantum equivalence units that I call Triadic Rotational Units of Equivalence (TRUE), the basic measurement units of the Calculus of Dimensional Distinctions (CoDD), has been published in several books and papers. (See References.) These quantum equivalence units are defined by the mass and volume of the free electron, the smallest stable elementary “particle”. This definition of the TRUE ties the TDVP model to physical reality and the application of the CoDD using them solves a number of problems that are not addressable in the current mainstream paradigm known as the Standard Model of Particle Physics. Physical parameters like the mass of the proton and neutron, and the Cabibbo quark mixing angle, calculated from TDVP theory correspond exactly, or within measurement error, with experimental data. These results verify the TDVP model and the correspondence of the structure of pure mathematics with the logical structure of reality.


Conclusion: Time, like space, is three dimensional, and the reality we experience as human beings consists of the stable union of mass, energy and gimmel in a nine-dimensional domain, three of space, three of time, and at least three of consciousness.


ERC – 11/21/2021

Sunday, November 7, 2021




Why is there Something Rather than Nothing?

What is the Nature of Reality?

What is Consciousness?

What do these three questions have in common – besides the fact that many volumes have been written about them, and are still being written about them?

They are perfect examples of the type of question that mathematician Kurt Gödel proved must exist. His proof was called the Incompleteness Theorem. This type of question was also touched upon toward the end of G. Spencer Brown’s Laws of Form when he discussed leaving and re-entering the Form. When trying to answer the three questions above, the principle I am pointing to is expressed very well by Lao Tzu in the Tao Te Ching in a profound statement involving three Chinese characters depicting the Way. That statement is translated and interpreted as: “The Way said to be the Way, is not the Way.” It could also be paraphrased as: The Answer said to be the Answer, is not the Answer.

Please don’t stop reading because of the abstract nature of these references. I am not trying to be abstruse. I am NOT going to present the details of Gödel’s proof, Brown’s calculus, or Lao Tzu’s philosophy. What I am going to do, is show that there is one simple answer to the conundrum underlying the three questions posed above, and that it can be understood by anyone.

Gödel’s proof of the inescapable incompleteness of all consistent logical systems is really the meticulous proof of two precise theorems of mathematical logic, which combined together prove that, in fact, no system of logic developed to explain reality can be complete. This means that there will always be questions that no formal system of thought, science, philosophy, or religion, can answer. The simple reason that this is true, is the fact that Reality is expanding to Infinity.

Does this mean that there are no answers to these questions? No, it does not. It simply means that they cannot be answered in the logical system within which they are being asked. This makes the third question the most important one, because there are no logical systems, questions, or answers without the  existence of consciousness. Who is asking the questions? Can the consciousness of the asker be expanded to embrace a more nearly complete logical system within which these three questions can be answered? The answer is Yes! Are you ready to take the leap?

There is only one Reality, one Consciousness, and One Answer. When you expand your consciousness to Infinity, you will find that the answer is: I AM.

Repeat after me:  I am that I am. I am the questioner. the question, and the answer.

ERC – 11:07 am, 11/07/2021


LIST OF References

Close, ER: The Book of Atma, Library of Congress Catalog # 77-87461, Libra Publishers, New York, 1977

Close, ER: Infinite Continuity, A Theory Unifying Relativity and Quantum Physics, C&C Paradigm Press, Los Alamitos California, 1990 (Currently out of print)

Close, ER: Transcendental Physics, Integrating the Search for Truth, Paradigm Press, 1997, ISBN 0-934426-78-3, reprinted by iuniverse, Lincoln Nebraska, 1997

Brown, GS: Laws of Form, The Julian Press, New York, 1972, ISBN 0-517-527766

Nagel, E, Newman, JR: Gödel’s Proof, New York University Press, 1958, 0-81470525

Close, ER & JA: Secrets of the Sacred Cube, A Cosmic Love Story, Outskirts Press, 2019, ISBN 978-1-9772-1024-1

Close, ER & JA: Survival, a triple-blind scientific experiment, Foreword by Gary Schwartz, PhD, (currently in Press for release in 2022)

Neppe VM, Close ER: Reality begins with consciousness: a paradigm shift that works (5th Edition) Fifth Edition. Seattle: Brainvoyage.com, 2014