Sunday, March 17, 2019


© 2019 by Edward R. Close

The Significance of the Discovery of Gimmel
Non-physical gimmel is real and at least as important in the structure of physical reality as mass and energy and it very well may provide us with a refreshing new avenue to investigate consciousness in a systematic, scientific manner. In this discussion, I will use the triad of mass, energy and gimmel to address an important and very basic question about the nature of consciousness: the question of whether consciousness is an epiphenomenon of physical complexity, or the architect of it; in other words, which came first, matter or consciousness?

The current mainstream paradigm assumes that particulate matter, in the form of quarks, electrons, and protons, evolved first, producing hydrogen and other elements billions of years ago, and that self-aware consciousness arose only very recently, after sufficiently complex organic structures had evolved. But this is a very restricted view of consciousness, assuming that it is limited to the self-awareness in human beings and functioning perhaps, to a lesser extent, in other living organisms. In the light of the discovery of the necessary existence of gimmel in every single elementary particle for atomic stability, we have evidence that the logical structure of consciousness exists in every particle of the physical universe, suggesting that the reasoning leading to the mainstream model may be flawed. Consciousness, not matter, may be primary.

Consciousness and the Physical Universe
Self-aware sentient beings, in particular, human beings like you and me, are born into a world where an amazing plethora of complexity already exists, and apparently has existed for billions of years. Some of us, sometimes called scientists, are capable of conceptualizing different levels of complexity, and using objects that exist around us to build laboratories and instruments to investigate some of the existing complex objects discovered by those who have preceded us, like the atoms known as the elements of the periodic table.

The reality you experience, including your own body, appears to be made of a range of complex molecular and atomic structures, in turn made of electrons, protons and neutrons. Clever scientists before us have discovered that protons and neutrons are further composed of even more elementary entities, known as quarks: specifically of two sizes, called up-quarks and down-quarks, for reasons we need not go into here. All of these objects making up our environment appear to be made of atoms, starting with the simplest atom, the hydrogen atom, consisting of only one electron and one proton, ranging through more and more complex atoms consisting of hundreds of electrons, protons and neutrons; so everything appears to be made of atomic structures composed of only three things: electrons, up-quarks and down-quarks. Some of the atoms, at a certain level of complexity, combine to form life-supporting organic compounds that join together and form self-aware organisms like you and me, capable of conscious experience.

Limitations of the Standard Model of Particle Physics
When we decided to study these complex structures, to see what makes them work with Swiss-watch-like precision, we started with the hydrogen atom, the smallest and simplest structure existing at or near the threshold of observation and measurement using our physical senses and conceivable extensions of them. Gradually, we devised increasingly more sophisticated ways to break atoms apart and measure the mass and energy of the constituent particles indirectly. We had to devise indirect methods to do this because the sub-atomic constituents (electrons and quarks) are so very, very small that we couldn’t observe and measure them directly.

The methods we devised were intrusive and destructive, including ionization (forcing electrons out of the outer-most shell of atoms) and engineering collisions of protons (obtained by the ionization of hydrogen atoms) with each other and other atoms. More and more sophisticated methods were developed for accelerating particles and targeting other particles and atoms. Using powerful electromagnets, particles were accelerated to extreme velocities, with momentums great enough to penetrate complex atoms and break them apart. The atom-smashers, from the earliest versions, built in the late 1920s and early 1930s, from the Cyclotron, to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in use today, employ the same method: blasting atoms apart and examining the resulting fragments.

The Swiss watch analogy is instructive: An atom, considered as a finite object, separate from any more complex structure, is, like a fine Swiss watch, an intricate, dynamic structure of interacting parts. If you decide to take a watch apart to see how it works, hopefully, you have the appropriate watch-maker’s tools on hand, so that you can take it apart carefully, in order to observe how each cog-wheel, spring and ratchet operates and how they work together to produce a precise and accurate time-keeping instrument. But suppose you are a five-year-old child, and the only tool you have is a hammer. You manage to pop the case apart, but the mystery of how the clock works is not immediately apparent, so you continue to hammer it until you have produced as many bits and pieces to look at as you can. When you finally stop  hammering, the various constituent parts may be so damaged and even broken into pieces in the smashing process that, their function while they were in the watch is totally obscured.

If we count the number of pieces scattered around when our five-year old is finished hammering, we may have many times more pieces than the number of parts used in the construction of the watch, and studying them will not likely lead to much understanding of how a watch works. Particle physicists are like children with hammers. Their standard model of reality based on destructive collisions consists of as many as 80 or 90 particles and anti-particles. But most of these particles are not functional in the atoms making up the everyday stable world we experience, they are created by the atom-smashing process, and they decay rapidly, lasting for  only very extremely short periods of time under extreme high-energy conditions, which may or may not have existed at the time of the hypothetical big-bang origin of the universe.

The physical reality we experience is built up primarily of the mass and energy of three particles: electrons, protons and neutrons, combined in various stable configurations. And protons and neutrons are primarily comprised of the mass and energy of up-quarks and down-quarks, so at the most elementary level, the physical features of everything we experience in our lives on this planet are the results of combinations of electrons and quarks and the associated gravitational, magnetic and electro-magnetic forces that are generated as results of their interactions in space and time. The other members of the particle zoo, generated by the hammering of particles together in high-energy particle colliders, while interesting from a theoretical point of view, are so ephemeral they have little or no effect on the physical reality we experience as sentient beings.

Deriving and Applying a System of Quantum Equivalence Units
We have concluded that the basic building blocks of our physical reality, measurable in units of mass, energy and volume of space, spinning at some specific number of rotations per unit of time, are electrons, up-quarks and down-quarks. The free electron has the least mass of the three, and if we take that mass as the quantum unit of mass, normalize and naturalize the LHC masses of the up-quark and down-quark, we find that they have masses of 4 and 9 quantum mass units respectively. Then, by naturalizing the units of space and time (extent and duration), Einstein’s famous equation, E = mc2 yields  a system of measurement in which the units of mass, energy, space, and time are equivalent. Noting that quarks, because they are rotating physical objects, are three-dimensional, I call these 3-D units quantum equivalence units. In the geometry of symmetrical rotating objects, application of Fermat’s Last Theorem proves that quarks must combine in threes to produce stable rotating objects. Because of these facts, the resulting basic units of quantum calculus are called Triadic Rotational Units of Equivalence (TRUE).

Using the TRUE as the basic unit of the Calculus of Dimensional Distinctions, an adaptation and expansion of G. Spencer Brown’s Calculus of Indications, from his seminal work Laws of Form, we have, for the first time since Planck discovered that physical reality is quantized, a quantum calculus appropriate for the investigation of quantum phenomena. With application of this system of mathematical logic, we are able to solve a number of puzzles that have plagued particle physics for decades, like explaining the EPR paradox, the double-slit and delayed-choice experiments, as well as explaining why the Cabibbo quark-mixing angle has the exact value it does, why fermions have an intrinsic spin number of ½, why neutrons and other complex particles have the exact masses they do, and much more.

A Wider Range of the Scientific Investigation of the Nature of Reality
By developing the proper tools for investigating quantum phenomena, and applying them to the known parameters of the elementary particles that make up the physical universe we experience, a third form of the substance of reality, necessary for structural stability, was discovered. We call that third form gimmel. Each and every elementary particle has to have an exact number of mass, energy and gimmel units to be stable, and thus the amount of gimmel in every combination of particles in physical reality can be mathematically determined. When this method of analysis was applied to the elements of the periodic table, we found that the major life-supporting elements, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, contain higher percentages of gimmel than other elements, especially those that are poisonous or detrimental to consciousness-supporting life. This strongly suggests that the universe is the result of intelligent design. The discovery of gimmel reveals that the self-referential structure of the physical universe is designed very specifically to support the development of complex living organisms capable of manifesting increasingly sophisticated forms of consciousness.

So what is gimmel that makes it capable of affecting the nature of the physical universe in this way? It is not some form of matter, or some form of energy, as I’ve pointed out in the previous post, because if it were, it would add to the measurable mass and/or energy of the particles that form protons, they would no longer be quarks, atomic structure would be unstable, and there would be no physical universe as we know it. Science can only describe what we experience and become consciously aware of through physical, mental or spiritual perception. That means that to understand what gimmel is, we have nothing but our experience to draw from.

Consciousness is the only thing we experience directly. Matter, energy, space and time are experienced indirectly through the reduction valves of the physical sense organs that only allow vibrational energies of specific ranges of frequencies to be channeled to the central nervous system where they are converted to images. Space and time have no existence of their own because space is simply the dimensional extent around and between objects, and time is the duration between events. Without objects and events, there is no space or time. So there are only three sources of our experiences: matter, measured as mass, energy, measured as force, and pure consciousness, measured as individual awareness. Since gimmel cannot be matter or energy, by process of elimination, it is pure consciousness.

Historically, when pure consciousness has been perceived in the midst of physical reality by finite self-aware individuals, it has been called the Holy Spirit. To complete the only model that is able to describe everything we can experience as human beings, we need only envision three finite dimensional domains of three dimensions each, embedded in an infinity of pure consciousness. All of the laws of physical, mental and spiritual reality are conveyed into the dimensional domains of finite quantized reality mathematically from pure consciousness in the mathematical ratios of mass, energy and gimmel. 

There could be no particles, no hydrogen atoms and no physical universe without gimmel. If, as concluded above, gimmel is pure consciousness, then consciousness is primary and matter secondary, not the other way around as assumed by the materialist mainstream scientific paradigm.

Pure consciousness, represented in the structures of the physical universe, is Planck’s “conscious intelligent spirit”, and Einstein’s “spirit … manifest in the laws of the Universe - a spirit vastly superior to that of man, and one in the face of which we with our modest powers must feel humble.”(See the previous post.)

ERC 3/18/2019

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