Saturday, May 19, 2018


Copyright © Edward R. Close 5/10/2018


The standard definition of cosmology found in on-line Wikipedia, is:

“Cosmology (from the Greek κόσμος, kosmos "world" and -λογία, -logia "study of") is the study of the origin, evolution and eventual fate of the universe. Physical cosmology is the scientific study of the universe's origin, its large-scale structures and dynamics, and its ultimate fate, as well as the scientific laws that govern these areas.
The term cosmology was first used in English in 1656 in Thomas Blount’s Glossographia,] and in 1731 taken up in Latin by German philosopher Christian Wolff in Cosmologia Generalis Religious
or mythological cosmology is a body of beliefs based on mythological, religious and esoteric literature and traditions of creation myths and eschatology
Physical cosmology is studied by scientists, such as astronomers and physicists, as well as philosophers, such as metaphysicians, philosophers of physics and philosophers of space and time. Because of this shared scope with philosophy, theories in physical cosmology may include both scientific and non-scientific propositions and may depend upon assumptions that cannot be tested. Cosmology differs from astronomy in that the former is concerned with the Universe as a whole while the latter deals with individual celestial objects. Modern physical cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which attempts to bring together observational astronomy and particle physics, more specifically, a standard parameterization of the Big Bang with dark matter and dark energy, known as the Lambda-CDM model.”
Comments on the Definition of Cosmology
It is interesting to note that this definition distinguishes between cosmology as a general subject and “physical cosmology” in an ambiguous way: In the first paragraph, physical cosmology is said to be “the scientific study of the universe's origin, its large-scale structures and dynamics, and its ultimate fate, as well as the scientific laws that govern these areas”. While, in the last paragraph, it states that “theories in physical cosmology may include both scientific and non-scientific propositions and may depend upon assumptions that cannot be tested.” This suggests, contrary to the first statement, that physical cosmology is not completely scientific.

To be clear about what cosmology is, we must first answer the question: What is scientific and what is not? As the definition above implies, the scientific method requires hypotheses that can be tested, but the physical cosmological model of current mainstream science contains elements that cannot be tested. The most significant one is the big bang theory itself. While scientists like to think that the Standard Model of cosmology and particle physics is scientific, it depends in large part on assumptions that cannot be tested, and therefore the current Standard Model is theoretical and not strictly scientific.

But, this is not an unforgiving criticism, because science would never have progressed very far if it adhered strictly to the scientific method. This, however, raises a crucial point that was discussed in detail in the Neppe=Close book Reality Begins with Consciousness, available at That is the importance of scientific feasibility, which we call LFAF: Lower-Dimensional Feasibility, Absent Falsification; the basis for including logically feasible concepts in hypotheses that may not be falsifiable in the space-time 3S-1t dimensional domain of physical observation. This brings us to what I will call, for want of better terminology, Close Cosmology.

I’m calling this early form of Close-Neppe Cosmology Close Cosmology because it was developed during the years 1985-1988, more than 20 years before Dr. Neppe and I began working together in 2008. This cosmology was developed using the Calculus of Distinctions, a calculus developed and expanded from G. Spencer Brown’s Calculus of Indications, published in his book Laws of Form, and it was published in the book Infinite Continuity in 1990.

The calculus of distinctions differs from Brown’s calculus in that it depends on the concept of a quantum unit related to physical reality as the basic unit of measurement, in that it relates true with real and false with conceptual or non-existent, and in that it includes the functioning of consciousness as a part of reality that is every bit as real as mass and energy.

Like the calculus of indications, the calculus of distinctions can be used to evaluate the logical truth or falsity of any statement that can be described in the calculus. This means that, because it is directly related to the physical universe through its basic unit of measurement, the quantum unit of quantized reality, the mathematical structure of the calculus is identical with the logical structure of the universe. This also means that it can be used to test scientific hypotheses to see if they are logically consistent. In Infinity Continuity, published in 1990, I applied the calculus of distinctions to several cosmological problems, including the expanding universe as indicated by the red shift in the spectrum of light from distant stars and relativistic time dilation. This application of the calculus of distinctions revealed several important basic truths about the nature of reality that require a complete revision of our understanding of science, and a redefinition of cosmology.

Replacement of the calculus of Newton and Leibniz with the logically prior calculus of distinctions as applied in Infinite continuity, revealed that consciousness, not matter, is primary, that there is no absolute beginning or end, and the universe is much larger than astronomers and astrophysicists estimate.

A further refinement of this understanding was obtained when the calculus of distinctions was refined with the definition of the quantum equivalence unit, the triadic rotational unit of equivalence (TRUE) in 2011, and the discovery of gimmel in 2012. The addition of dimensionality to the calculus of distinctions made it possible to describe quantum phenomena, and the new refined calculus became the calculus of dimensional distinctions (CoDD).

Applying the CoDD to the description of quantum phenomena with variables of extent, content and conscious intent, or impact in the 3S-1t domain of physical observation, produced new revelations and explained phenomena not explicable in the current scientific paradigm. Here are a few of the revelations:

·       The physical universe is only a small part of reality. The part represented by gimmel in the structures of physical reality is far greater in volume and in effect on the logical structure of reality than the mass-energy, space-time portion.
·       Mainstream science has avoided dealing with the vast majority of reality by limiting its focus to the material aspects of reality and the physical universe.

Application of the CoDD to reality requires a redefinition of the term cosmos. The specifics of this redefinition are as follows:

·       The cosmos consists of the entirety of reality, of which the physical universe is a very small part.
·       Beyond the 3S-1t physical universe, the cosmos consists of the dimensional domains of nine finite dimensions, three trans-finite dimensions and an unknown and unknowable number of infinite dimensions.

·       The first six dimensions are quantized, the next three are measurable in flexible, relative variables.

The new definition is: Close-Neppe Cosmology is the study of everything that exists, from the smallest quantum of mass to the entire expanding universe, seen and unseen, to the transcendental cosmos, into the infinitely continuous Primary Conscious Substrate in which all things and all distinguishable domains are embedded, as well as the mathematical laws that describe the dynamic relationships between all parts of the physical and non-physical cosmos.

Thus, it becomes cleare that the science of the future must transcend the limited materialistic science of mass-energy, space-time. When consciousness is included in the equations of science. This is the point of my third book: Transcendental Physics, available at Amazon and bookstores everywhere. This new definition and the application of the CODD yields some very practical results both for science and for individual physical, mental and spiritual improvement and progress.

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